Rwanda transport sector has greatly improved over the recent past. The sector contributes about 7% to the GDP representing about 15% of total service delivery. Transport sector system centres primarily on the road network with paved roads between Kigali and other major towns within the country. Rwanda is linked by good roads to all neighbouring countries which include Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The country’s most important trade route by road to Mombasa is via Kampala and Nairobi. The country has an International Airport known as Kigali International Airport located at Kanombe, a suburb approximately 10 kilometres from Kigali City Centre that serves for one domestic, regional and international destination.
MININFRA is responsible for managing all day to day aspects of the transport sector in Rwanda, also for transport policy and strategy coordination within the country.
Transport Sector Policy
The present transport policy is oriented towards making it possible for the sector to contribute appreciably towards the growth and economic development of Rwanda with direct consequences leading to improvement of the standard of living of the population.
- Regulation to be carried out separately from policy making and service provision to avoid conflict of interest
- Regulators should be independent and autonomous.
- Regulation should be rule driven and predictable and their role formally legalized.
- Regulators should have the powers to enforce their decision
RURA is to ensure that roads are performing well, government regulatory policy is appropriate and effective and environmental concerns are being addressed. It also handles matters specific to urban transport and assesses road transport performance.
RNP is responsible for ensuring road traffic and road safety regulation. This is provided for by law No. 09 of 2000
RTDA is responsible for planning, developing, managing and controlling the national roads network and infrastructure in the country. It has also the role of reducing, controlling transport costs, assuring the quality and durability of the rural, and urban and international transport network.
Air Transport sub-sector policy plays a role of developing domestic air services through the establishment of domestic airports and to establish new or improved external air links with full Instrument Landing System facility driven by a knowledgeable and skilful force.
Inland waterways policy focuses on developing, operating and maintaining an efficient, cost effective, reliable, safe and secure system in the country.
The key principles of the rail transport policy are as follows:
- Promote rail connectivity for both the central and the northern corridors including regional rail connectivity with DRC.
- Ensure harmonization of all future infrastructure, gauge and service provision, legal and regulatory framework for rail transport system within EAC countries.
- Ensure separation of powers in the form of an independent regulator and the separation of path allocation and infrastructure charging from any organization.
The information under the Transport sector is organised as follows;