Tourism Sector in Kenya

Kenya counts tourism as the second-biggest foreign-exchange earner after tea. The country is Africa’s original safari destination, attracting explorers, adventurers and travelers for centuries. Though 2012 tourism earnings declined on security concerns, the country is still targeting 3 million holiday makers by 2015. Earnings declined by 2 percent in 2012 to 96.02 billion shillings from 97 billion shillings in 2011, while arrivals were little changed at 1.78 million. Security is more stable now so the sector should be back on its way to achieving 3 million tourists.

Regulatory Framework

Ministry of Environment, Water & Natural resources

The Ministry of Tourism is now under Ministry of Environment, Water & Natural resources. It is responsible for the formulation, co-ordination and administration of policy in respect to the tourism sector. Its mission is to facilitate sustainable tourism for national development and posterity.

Kenya Tourist Board (KTB)

The Kenya Tourist Board (KTB) was formed on February 7th 1997 when the Government recognized the necessity to create an independent marketing authority for the tourism sector. The prime objective of the KTB is to market Kenya as a tourist destination both locally and internationally.

Catering and Tourist Development Levy Trustees (CTDLT)
Most Tourism Businesses in Kenya pay a Catering and Tourism Development Levy. These funds are utilized by CTDL, which is charged with the mandate of developing the Kenyan tourism industry through sponsorship of marketing through Kenya Tourist Board, training through Kenya Utaali College and development of standards.

Kenya Utalii College

Utalii College is a recognized centre of excellence for Tourism Training, offering a wide range of training and courses in all areas of tourism, including safari guiding, hotel management, catering and hospitality. The College earned recognition by the World Tourism Organisation as one of the world’s 16 Centres of Professional Excellence. The East African Community has also designated Kenya Utalii College as one of its three Centres of Excellence in tourism training.

Kenya Tourism Development Corporation (KTDC)

KTDC was established on November 1965 and started operations in 1966. It is responsible for development and indigenisation of tourism facilities through; direct investment in tourism, improvement and/or expansion of new or existing tourist facilities and indigenisation of ownership of tourism facilities in the industry.

Kenyatta International Conference Centre (KICC)

The Kenyatta International Conference Centre is located in the heart of Nairobi and within a walking distance of several five star hotels. This makes KICC the perfect venue for conferences, meetings, exhibitions and special events. KICC has hosted many successful international conferences and seminars such as the IPU – Inter Parliamentary Union among others.

Bomas of Kenya

Bomas of Kenya is a tourist village and conference centre in Langata, Nairobi. Bomas (homesteads) displays traditional villages belonging to the several Kenyan tribes.

It was established by the government in 1971 as a subsidiary company of Kenya Tourist Development Corporation as a tourist attraction. It also wanted to preserve, maintain and promote rich and diverse cultural values of various tribal groups of Kenya.
The complex also contains the biggest theatre in Africa with 3,500 seats. There are traditional dances from a variety of tribes performed at the venue on daily basis. The venue can also be utilized as a conference facility.

The information under the sector is organized as follows;

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Tourism Sector

The tourism sector is one of the fastest developing sectors of the economy, in the last few years Burundi has witnessed a tremendous amount of development in the sector that continues to show growth projections. The total contribution of Travel & Tourism to GDP was BIF173.8bn (4.8% of GDP) in 2012, and is forecast to rise by 1.4% in 2013, and to rise by 1.8% pa to BIF211.1bn in 2023.

In 2012 Travel & Tourism directly supported 34,500 jobs (1.9% of total employment)

Regulatory Framework

Ministry Of Trade, Industry, and Tourism
The main tasks of the Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Tourism are the design and implementation of government policy on trade, industry, and tourism, and the development of strategies of promotion and development of these different sectors.

National Tourism Office (ONT)
As the official body representing the Government of Burundi in tourism, the National Tourism Office’s main mission is the promotion and formation of the tourism product, its promotion inside and outside the country, and quality control of services in hotel and tourism institutions. All these actions are aimed to stimulate public and private investment initiatives. Over the last 20 years, the ONT has been moving between the Ministry of Trade, Industry, and Tourism and the Ministry of Environment. It has been under the Ministry of Trade since November 14, 2007.

Lake Tanganyika Authority (LTA)
The Lake Tanganyika Authority (LTA) was established in December 2008 by the governments of Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania, and Zambia to promote regional cooperation for socio-economic development and sustainable management of the natural resources in the Lake Tanganyika basin.23 The LTA coordinates the implementation of the 2000 Convention on the Sustainable Management of Lake Tanganyika and also coordinates and oversees the implementation of the Regional Integrated Management Program, which focuses on establishment of sustainable fisheries, catchment management, pollution control, climate change adaptations, and monitoring programs. The LTA, in partnership with the French Cooperation (Region Pays de la Loire), Association Burundaise pour la Protection des Oiseaux (ABO), ACVE, and INECN, is beginning a new watershed conservation approach focused on the eight primary rivers that feed northeast Lake Tanganyika in and around Bujumbura, the largest urban center on the Lake.

Ministry Of Water, Environment, Land Management and Urban Planning
The Ministry of Water, Environment, Land Management and Urban Planning was reorganized by Decree No. 100/108 of November 22, 2005

It is empowered for everything that concerns the development and implementation  of national policy in the field of water, environment, land management, and the urban sector.

It has the following objectives:

  • Promoting a coordinated management of the environment;
  • Sound management of land, water, forests, and air;
  • Preservation of ecological balance; and conservation of biodiversity

Tourism sector has been summarized to include the following

Tourism Sector Profile

National Parks in Burundi

Lakes in Burundi

Hot springs in Burundi

Rivers in Burundi

Water Falls in Burundi

Mountains in Burundi

Historic sites in Burundi

Forests in Burundi

Culture of Burundi

Tombs in Burundi

Gift Shops in Burundi

Tour Operators in Burundi

Investment Opportunities in Tourism sector

Challenges Facing the Tourism Sector in Burundi

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Tourism Sector

The tourism sector has recovered from the past negative publicity and is now one of key sectors contributing to the country’s GDP. The sector has the potential for further growth and the government has embarked on the process of creating a conducive environment for partnership with the private sector in mobilizing resources for investment in tourism supporting infrastructure.

Already a lot of private sector investment has been mobilized for hotels, transport, apartments and conference facilities. A lot more is required in transport, airport improvement, capacity building, accommodation facilities in the national parks and other wildlife protected areas.
Among the key drivers for the growth of tourism in Uganda is the increased number of visitors coming to Uganda. The number of visitors coming to Uganda has from 946,000 in 2010 to 1,150, 000 2011.

Uganda is endowed with plenty of tourist attractions including national parks, mountains, rivers, lakes, forests, cultural and religious sites, traditional music and food, the equator, source of the Nile among others. The visitors are always impressed by the welcoming attitude of people of Uganda.

Guest arrivals
The guests arriving in Uganda both by road and air have been on the increase over the last seven years. The major border immigration posts include Malaba, Busia, Mutukula, Katuna and Entebbe International Airport. The airport is the only airport a guest can use to enter Uganda by air.
1,150,000 guests arrived into the country in 2011 compared to 946,000 guests who arrived in 2010.
On average 74% of the guest arrivals recorded are from Africa, 12% are from Europe, 6% from the Americas and 4%from Asia. During the period 2005-11, the number of African guests steadily grew by 160%. The number of total guest arrivals in 2011 is more than double that in 2005.

The number of guest arriving by air through Entebbe International Airport has increased from 172,000 in 2005 to 368,000 in 2011 an increase of 115%. The number of guests entering by road has increased from about 296,000 in 2005 to about 368,000 in 2011 an increase of 164%.

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