Urbanisation

Rwanda’s urban population has been increasing from 963,023 in 1999 which was less than 1 million to over 1,753,721 persons in 2012 showing growth of over 80% in 13 years. The urban population is currently growing at a rate of 4.4% per cent per annum.

Kagali City has experienced rapid population growth of 5.7 % per annum largely influenced by rural-urban migration. Population increase in Kigali City area is as a result of good infrastructure , clean environment, employment opportunities , housing, social services and rapid economic growth.

Kigali is the largest city in the country followed by Gisenyi with 404,278 people, Gitarama with a population of 87,613 and Ruhengeri with 86,685 people.

 

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Urbanisation

Uganda’s urban population is increasing rapidly from less than 1 million in 1980 to over 4.5   million persons in 2012 indicating a more than fourfold increase. At 12 per cent level of urbanization, Uganda is considered a rural economy when compared to   Kenya and Tanzania that are 20 per cent and 22 per cent urbanized respectively.

For the country to achieve faster socio-economic transformation there is need to raise the level of urbanization. The level of urbanization in various regions of Uganda ranges between 7 per cent and 10 per cent. . Kampala is the only urban district with a night population of 1.2 million and a day population of close to 3 million.  Kampala City is followed by Gulu Town which has a population of 0.1 million.

Kampala City is  experiencing  rapid population growth of 5.6 % per annum largely influenced by rural-urban migration. Population increase in Kampala City area is responsible for increased demand for employment, land for housing, social services and infrastructure resulting in the ongoing urban development and industrialization. Kampala City has evolved from a small area of 8km2 to a “city of seven hills” at independence in 1962 and it has now  expanded to more than twenty five hills sourrounding the city . Kampala City is currently  ranked  among the fastest growing cities in Africa.

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Social Context

Uganda’s urban population is increasing rapidly from less than 1 million in 1980 to over 4.5   million persons in 2012 indicating a more than fourfold increase. At 12 per cent level of urbanization, Uganda is considered a rural economy when compared to   Kenya and Tanzania that are 20 per cent and 22 per cent urbanized respectively.

For the country to achieve faster socio-economic transformation there is need to raise the level of urbanization. The level of urbanization in various regions of Uganda ranges between 7 per cent and 10 per cent. . Kampala is the only urban district with a night population of 1.2 million and a day population of close to 3 million.  Kampala City is followed by Gulu Town which has a population of 0.1 million.

Kampala City is  experiencing  rapid population growth of 5.6 % per annum largely influenced by rural-urban migration. Population increase in Kampala City area is responsible for increased demand for employment, land for housing, social services and infrastructure resulting in the ongoing urban development and industrialization. Kampala City has evolved from a small area of 8km2 to a “city of seven hills” at independence in 1962 and it has now  expanded to more than twenty five hills sourrounding the city . Kampala City is currently  ranked  among the fastest growing cities in Africa.

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