- September 2004, with support of the World Bank: Appointment of a science and technology adviser in the office of the Minister of Education, Science, Technology and Scientific Research
- November 2004, with support of the Department for International Development (DFID) and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO): Preparation of a concept paper entitled “Preparatory National Integrated Innovation Framework for Rwanda”
- December 2004–April 2005: Preparation of a first draft of the national STI policy, followed by extensive consultation with key stakeholders
- May 2005, with support of DFID: Review of the draft documents at the National Science and Technology Conference in Butare.
- July 2005: Approval of the national STI policy by the Rwandan cabinet. The policy was subsequently published, with the support of UNESCO and the United Nations University.
The World Bank Science and Technology Program Unit, working hand in hand with the Ministry for Science, Technology and Scientific Research, prepared a series of Needs Assessment and Action Plans (NAAPs) for STI capacity building.
Goals of Rwanda’s national STI policy
- Promote sustained growth of GDP
- Improve the quality of life and raise the standards of living of the citizens of Rwanda
- Improve skills and knowledge among the population
- Maintain the viability of and enhance opportunities for growth in rural areas
- Integrate technical education with commerce, industry, and the private sector. To achieve these goals, policies are needed that promote knowledge acquisition, knowledge creation, knowledge transfer, and a culture of innovation.