Rwanda’s education sector is improving steadily over the recent past because of the support from both the public and private sectors
Characteristics of Education Sector Profile
- Rwanda’s education system comprises of four 4 levels that is pre-school, kindergarten, primary, secondary, and higher
- Education is characterised with ICT which aims to link public Higher Education Institutions and later Private Institutions via a RWEDNET
- Rwanda has a mixture of Public and Private Higher Education Institutions.
- Net Enrolment Rate has been steadily increasing and is currently 78.3%
- Primary school enrolment rates increased to 95%
Education System in Rwanda
Rwanda’s education system comprises four levels that is; pre-school and kindergarten, primary, secondary and higher institutions and has improved remarkably in recent years after a steep decline due to the 1994 genocide. Thus the gross primary school enrollment ratio currently exceeds 100 percent while the net ratio is estimated at 93 percent. This is as below;
- Preschool and Kindergarten
- Primary Education
- Secondary Education
- Vocational Education
- Tertiary Education
Expected population in Education
- Rwanda has a total population of 11,689,696 (42.7%).
- There are 20 high education institutes 6 of which are public and 14 private with 26,796, 39% of students.
- Number of primary schools is 2,543 with 2,341,146 pupils and 40,299 teachers (85.2% qualified) and enrolment has reached 93%
- Number of secondary schools is 1,362 with 486,437 pupils and 20,522 teachers (48.0% qualified).
- Gender Ratio in school is 49.5% Boys 50.5% Girls.
- Primary school completion expected to grow from 52.4% to 107% by 2015.
- Lower secondary gross enrollment rate to shift from 24% to 69% by 2015.
- Double shifting in primary schools is at 20% in 2012.
- Dropout rate to reduce from 5% to 2% by 2015.
- Repetition rate to drop from current 6% to 3% by 2015.
Current national priorities in Education sector
- Improving completion and transition rates whilst reducing drop out and repetition in basic education through a range of strategies including expansion of Early Childhood Development (ECD) provision
- Ensuring that educational quality continues to improve through closer integration of curriculum development, quality assurance and assessment
- Developing a skilled and motivated teaching, training and lecturing workforce through development of a comprehensive teacher development
- Ensuring that the post basic education (PBE) system is better tailored to meet labour market needs through encouraging greater private enterprise involvement in PBE, including upper secondary and teacher education
- Ensuring equity within all fields and throughout all levels of education and training through specific interventions to raise performance of girls and learners with special needs, including orphans and vulnerable children
- Strengthening education in science and technology through specific interventions to address the under developed skills in all areas of science and technology
Current situation in Education sector
Rwanda’s education sector is improving steadily by a rate of 15% in education enrolment with the availability of funds that has enabled the recruitment of 2,146 new primary teachers, the construction of 3,072 classrooms with 9,175 latrines for the nine year basic education programme and also enabled the ministry to purchase 3,054,950 primary school textbooks, train 40,008 primary and secondary teachers in English
Financing of the education sector has also been impressive, Rwanda’s education sector accounted for 17% of the national budget with 50% of funds allocated to basic education.
Investment opportunities in Education Sector Rwanda
- Setting up more universities in the country
- Establishing of vocational schools in the country
- Induction of long distance education
- Setting up infrastructure for the primary sector
The education sector profile of Rwanda has been summarised to include the following