River Nyabarongo

River Nyabarongo is located in Rwanda and is part of the upper head water of the River Nile. The river begins its journey from Nyungwe Forest. It is the main tributary of River Kagera which flows into Lake Victoria. The beginning of River Nyabarongo is made up of a number of small streams in south Western Rwanda with the longest being Rukarara from a spring in Nyungwe Forest.

Bio-diversity conservation on the river

The river is the importance because of the following:

  • It part of the might Nile
  • There are a number of species of birds
  • It is a home of the endangered Madagascar pond heron Aldeora Idea, of near threatened Papyrus Gonolek ( Lanianus mufumbire) and the Grey Crowned Crane ( Balearica Regulorum)
  • It is also a home of the swamp dwelling Sitatunga (Ttragelaphus Spekei)

Species in the River Wetlands

The following are red-listed endangered wild species found in the wetlands of the river:

  • Papyrus Gonolek (Laniarius mufumbiri)
  • Carruthers’s Cisticola (Cisticola carruthersi)
  • White-winged Scrub-warbler (Bradypterus carpalis)
  • Papyrus Yellow Warbler (Chloropeta gracilirostris)
  • Sharpe’s Pied-babbler (Turdoides sharpei)
  • Northern Brown-throated Weaver (Ploceus castanops)
  • White-collared Oliveback (Nesocharis ansorgei)
  • Papyrus Canary (Serinus koliensis)

Income-Generating Activities in the river basin

The key income generating activities in the river basin include the following:

  • Agriculture
  • Livestock
  • Fishing

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