The Constitution of Republic of Rwanda states that energy is a fundamental tool to promote technology and improve social welfare and makes it incumbent upon the government to formulate an energy policy that will sustain economic growth and ensure wide spread access to affordable modern energy services to all people in Rwanda.
National Energy Policy
The Energy Policy for Rwanda was developed in 2004 and later updated in November 2008 lays down the Government’s commitment to the development and utilization of renewable energy resources and technologies and energy efficiency promotion. The National Energy Policy aims at establishing an efficient energy production, procurement, transportation, distribution and end use systems in an environmentally sound and sustainable manner.
National Energy Policy Objectives
The objectives of the national energy policy are as follows:
- To ensure availability of reliable
- To ensure that there is affordable energy supplies
- To ensure that energy is used in a rational and sustainable manner in order to support national development goals.
Regulatory Framework of Energy in Rwanda
Ministry of Infrastructure (MINFRA)
This is the ministry responsible for national energy infrastructure and is the primary government ministry in the energy sector and the rural energy is part of this mandate. MINFRA’s roles include capacity building , strategy formulation , development of technical specifications for energy equipment and recommending strategies for the development of the private sector.
Ministry of Natural Resources (MINIRENA)
MINIRENA is responsible for the management of the forest and water resources of the country as well as environmental protection and management.
The Rwanda Utility Regulatory Agency (RURA)
RURA is set under law number 39/2001 of 13/09/2001 with the responsibility for setting the overall policy, strategy of the energy sector and coordinating the developments of the electricity and gas sub-sector in Rwanda. RURA has the following aims:
- To ensure transparency in certain utilities provided throughout the Country.
- To ensure that all utility suppliers have adequate means to finance their activities.
- To continuous promote the interest of users, potential users of the goods and services provided so that there is effective competition in each utility sector protecting users from abuse of monopoly.
- To facilitate and encourage private sector participation in investments of public utilities
- To ensure compliance by public utilities and private sector plays with the laws governing their activities.
Core Functions of RURA
The core functions of RURA are as follows;
- RURA is responsible for making rules and procedures for the provision of Public Utility Services.
- RURA undertakes the licensing of utility service providers.
- RURA is mandated to manage scarce resources.
- RURA is mandated to monitor and evaluate performance of service providers.
- RURA facilitates service providers and consumers in finding ways to resolve regulatory questions, issues and concerns.
- RURA periodically reviews and makes decisions regarding whether specific existing tariffs are still appropriate, and whether the tariff regime in use needs modification or rescission
The Ministry of Forestry and Mines
The ministry is responsible for all matters related to biomass. It promotes the production of energy from biomass as well as puts in place strategies to reduce biomass utilization so as to replace biomass usage with peat resources.
Rwanda Development Board
RDB is responsible for promoting investment opportunities in the energy sector by providing services to businesses, enterprises and provide clearance for energy sector projects.
The Ministry of Commerce
The ministry is responsible for issues regarding petroleum products that are imported and also the proper storage in collaboration with the private sector.
The Ministry of Environment and Lands
The ministry is responsible for overseeing that there is proper implementation of energy projects safeguard the environment, land use matters for example bio-fuel initiatives.