In 1998, the Rwandan ICT for Development (ICT4D) policy commonly known as the National Information and Communication Infrastructure Plan (NICI) process was launched. The process was designed to implement the necessary policies and plans capable of addressing Rwanda’s developmental challenges in the information and technology age in order to accelerate the country’s socio-economic development process.
ICT Policy in Rwanda
The Rwandan Government mainstreamed Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the Vision 2020 through ICT led Socio-Economic Development Policy and Plan for Rwanda (National Information and Communication Infrastructure 2001-2005 plan) adopted by the government in early 2000.
The law n°39/2001 established the Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Agency.
The law n°44/2001 of 30/11/2001 governing telecommunications permitted the openness of the market with new private actors entering into play.
The law n°32/2002
The law n°32/2002 established the Rwanda Information Technology Authority.
Law n° 39/2001
Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Agency (RURA) was created by law n° 39/2001 of 13th September 2001 with the mission to regulate certain public utilities in the following areas;
- Telecommunications network and/or Telecommunications services
- Removal of waste products from residential or business premises
- Extraction and distribution of gas
- Transport of goods and persons
Rwanda Information Technology Authority (RITA)
RITA which was formed in May 2010 is responsible for human development in the area of ICTs and other related skill areas to help increase the number of people qualified to work in this area. Through its National Computer Center division it also acts as a consulting group providing services to the government and public and private sector organizations.