Regulatory Framework for Property in Rwanda

Ministry of Trade and Industry
The ministry is responsible for facilitating Rwanda’s economic transformation through enabling a competitive private sector integrated into regional and global markets, while ensuring a level playing field and the protection of consumers.

The Constitution
The Constitution recognizes every person’s right to private property in Article 29.

Consequently, private property, whether individually or collectively owned is inviolable. Exceptionally the right to property may be overruled in the case of public interest.

Organic Land Law
The law sets a legal framework for property law under articles 5 and 6 which provides for full ownership of land and permits any person that owns land either through custom or otherwise to be in conformity with the provisions of this law.

Ministry Of Infrastructure
The roles of the Ministry include that of Urban Planning which covers the following;

  • Developing institutional and legal frameworks.
  • Making national policies, strategies and master plans relating to habitat and urbanism, meteorology, water and sanitation.
  • To initiate, develop and facilitate urban development programmes with a view to providing affordable shelter with regard to adequate water, sanitation facilities for the population and promote grouped settlement.

 Kigali City
The city through its city construction unit is responsible for the following;

  • The unit is one stop center which issues all construction permits
  • The center brings together services of the district land bureau, the National Land centre and Rwanda Environment Management Agency (REMA) .
  • Center addresses the issue of service delivery to the investors

Objectives of the Kigali City One Stop Center

  • To ensure respect of safety standards in the construction sector.
  • Develop and review key area detailed physical plans.
  • Ensure quick service delivery mostly in Building permit issuance.
  • Monitor and advise Districts’ Land bureau for efficient service delivery.

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