Population in Rwanda

Rwanda’s population is at 11.7 as at July 2012 and is expected to increase to 16 million by 2020 if the current growth rate of 3.2% p.a is maintained. The country’s population density is the highest in Africa averaging about 345 per sq km in 2000.

Age (years) Percentage (%) Number of Males Number of Females
0-14 42.9% 2,454,924 2,418,504
15-64 54.7% 3,097,956 3,123,910
65 years and over 2.4% 110,218 164,913
Total 100 100% 5,663,098 5,707,327

The urban population has been growing at the rate of at least 4.4% per annual since 2010. The estimated urban population growth rate in July 2012 is 5.0%.
Urban population of Kigali (capital) was 1,170,000 2012 estimate and it was 19% of the total population in 2010.
Source: (http://viewswire.eiu.com/index.asp?layout=VWCountryVW3&country_id=460000046)

Other urban areas include;
Butare: 89,600 2013
Source: (www.jettrader.com/flights/Butare_BTQ/)

Byumba: 70,593 2012
Source: (http://population.mongabay.com/population/rwanda/203104/byumba)

Gisenyi:  404,278.

Gitarama: 87,613 in 2012

Kibungo: 46240 in 2012

Kibuye: 48024 in 2012.

Nyanza: 56 679

Ruhengeri: 86,685 2012.

Rwamagana: 47,000

Population trends in Rwanda since Jan 2004

Source: (http://www.tradingeconomics.com/rwanda/population)

Profile 2012  
Population growth rate: 3.2% (July 2012)
Birth rate: 36.14 births/1,000 population (2012 estimate)
Death rate: 9.64 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012)
Net migration rate: 1 migrant(s)/1,000 populations (2012 estimate)
Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
Under 15 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female

Population in school
Primary schools: 1,636,563 pupils
Secondary schools: 179,153 pupils
Higher education: 26,796 students

Causes of high population in Rwanda
The causes of high population can be summarized as follows:

  • Lack of adequate education
  • Increased birth rate
  • Reduced infant mortality rates.
  • Decreased death rate
  • Increased longevity as a result of improved health care and security

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