Burundi imports all of its petroleum products from Kenya and Tanzania, and has no known reserves of petroleum or natural gas.
Wood and peat
Wood and peat account for 94% of energy consumption in Burundi. Peat offers an alternative to increasingly scarce firewood and charcoal as a domestic energy source. The government is promoting peat production and is fostering the development of renewable energy resources, such as solar electricity and biogas.
A potential partial substitute for firewood could be peat although the resources are limited. Dried peat is either used directly or processed to peat charcoal. Peat reserves are estimated at 100 to 150 million tons, 57 of which are considered economically exploitable. The use of peat was promoted by the Burundian government for quite a long time, because it is – beside fire wood – the only natural energy resource in Burundian soil. It is, however, not very well disseminated in the country and mainly used in government institutions like army camps, prisons, etc. and by a very limited number of private companies like bakeries
Charcoal is used in towns and out-of-town zones, where the population is estimated at nearly 10% of the national populace. With the urbanization rate varying between 7 – 10% the average of the consumption.