National Land policy

The National Land Policy adopted in February 2004 by the Government of Rwanda puts great importance on appropriate land administration system as a key of land tenure security by providing the possibility of registering and transferring land and also the possibility of investment in land. The land is characterized by high population growth; severe land pressure and an increasing number of small fragmented land plots and the majority of Rwandans hold plots of land under customary arrangements.

Objectives of the Land Policy

  • To promote good allocation of land in order to enhance rational use of land resources according to their capacity.
  • To avoid the splitting up of plots and promote their consolidation in order to bring about economically viable production.
  • To establish mechanisms which facilitate giving land its productive value in order to promote the country’s socio-economic development.
  • To focus land management towards more viable and sustainable production by choosing reliable and time-tested methods of land development.
  • To develop actions that protects land resources from the various effects of land degradation.
  • To establish institutional land administration arrangements that enable land to have value in the market economy.
  • To promote research and continuous education of the public in all aspects of duties and obligations with regard to land tenure, land management and land transactions.
  • To establish order and discipline in the allocation of land and land transactions in order to control and/or curb pressure on land, inappropriate development, land speculation and land trafficking.
  • To promote the involvement and sensitization of the public at all levels in order to infuse land use practices that are favorable to environmental protection and good land management.
  • To promote conservation and sustainable use of wetlands.


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