Rwanda’s mineral resources include cassiterite, coltan, wolfram, Petroleum, peat, gold and Nickel. In addition to this, the country has other precious stones such as amphibilite, granites, quartzite, volcanic rocks, clay, sand and gravel.
Rwanda produces about 8,000 to 9,000 tons of mineral compounds every year and the amount of money depends on the market dynamics.
The minerals can be summarized below;
Peat is mined in the southwestern parts of the country and it is being used for electricity generation or processed into an alternative for firewood.
Gold in 2008 the country got 5.55 million Mt at a grade of 1.48 g per Mt gold mined.
Cassiterite (tin ore) had the largest production and export volume at about 3,874 tons valued at USD42.2m in 2010.
Coltan with 749 tons in 2010 valued at USD18.48m.
Wolfram (tungsten ore) with 843 tons in 2010 valued at USD7.1m.
Tantalum. The country produces about 9% of the world’s tantalum which is used in electronics manufacturing.