In 1998, the Rwandan ICT for Development (ICT4D) policy, commonly known as the National Information and Communication Infrastructure Plan (NICI) process began. The process was designed to implement the necessary policies and plans capable of addressing Rwanda’s developmental challenges in the information and technology age in order to accelerate the country’s socio- economic development process.
There was the liberalization of the telecommunications industry which led to the establishment the Rwanda Information Technology Authority (RITA).
Rwanda has registered significant progress in the deployment of world-class ICT infrastructure connecting Rwandans to global networks. The national fiber optic backbone network that is connecting Rwanda to international sea cables will facilitate increased affordability and access to Internet across the country. A national data centre has been developed, which allows Rwanda to centralize her information storage, management and protection, as well as take advantage of cloud computing opportunities. Communication, Navigation Surveillance and Air traffic management system (CNS-ATM) has been deployed
Government of Rwanda has implemented numerous ICT initiatives in education that are transforming education sector . They include the Educational Management Information System (EMIS), and the Rwanda Development Gateway, an information portal including education information.
The GOR has also put in place a programme to promote the Acquisition of computer equipment by educational institutions, with the aim of promoting universal computer literacy in the school system of Rwanda. Therefore, computers and their accessories are tax free, so as to strategically promote computer ownership and use.
To support and empower the Immigration and Emigration Departments in simplifying entry and exit processes, to ease in obtaining travel documents, and collect migration electronic visa issuing component by the Immigration Office and the online visa application process is fully operational and those visitors who have not access to Rwandan embassy could apply for the Visa prior to their visit to the country. In addition, immigration related processes are now given tracking number enabling applicants to track their application process.
ICT initiatives benefiting the agriculture sector include the Agricultural Management Information System (AMIS); an online exchange platform, “e-Soko”, a mobile market information solution that allows farmers and consumers to access market information for agricultural products.
A Land Use Management and Information System has been implemented to ensure proper usage, planning and management of land.
Numerous ICT initiatives have been implemented in health such as: OpenMRS – an open-source medical records system that facilitates nationwide tracking of patient data; TRACnet – a system that allows central collection and storage of clinical health information; Mobile e- Health – a system used by community health workers to collect data for OpenMRS and TRACnet systems; Telemedicine – that is connecting King Faisal Hospital to Hospitals in Kabgayi and Musanze facilitating the sharing of clinical information between urban and rural hospitals
Private sector: ICT initiatives fostering Rwanda’s private sector development include several business and career development support services; online trade information portals; business incubators; online tax calculators; credit reference bureau; a land administration and management information system; electronic case management system; and improvements in online banking and e-transaction regulatory system. These initiatives have greatly improved Rwanda’s business environment