Land Regulatory Framework

Ministry of Lands, Housing and Human Settlements Development

Ministry of Lands, Housing and Human Settlements Development is responsible for administering land, human settlement and provides various land related services to individuals and institutions in the country.

National Land Policy (1995)

The policy was established in 1995 to promote and ensure land tenure system, encourage the optimal use of land resources and facilitate broad based social and economic development without endangering environment.

Objectives of the policy

  • To promote an equitable distribution of and access of land by all citizens
  • Ensure that land is put to its most productive use to promote rapid social and economic development of the economy.
  • Promote sound land information management.
  • Protect land resources from degradation for sustainable development.
  • Modify and streamline the existing land management system and improve the efficiency of land delivery systems.

The Land Act 1999 and Village Land Act 1999

The Land Act and the Village Land Act together provide the basic law in relation to the management and administration of land, settlement of disputes and related matters.

Land ownership in Tanzania

In Tanzania no one owns land outright. All land in Tanzania is owned by the government. Citizens only apply for a lease from the office of land registry and they get a certificate to show the boundaries that they own. In some parts of the country where land is not so heavily regulated, the local government (CCM office) can give one land provided you register as a member of the village.

 

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Regulatory Framework land

National Land policy Rwanda
The National Land Policy adopted in February 2004 by the Government of Rwanda puts great importance on appropriate land administration system as a key of land tenure security by providing the possibility of registering and transferring land and also the possibility of investment in land. The land is characterized by high population growth; severe land pressure and an increasing number of small fragmented land plots and the majority of Rwandans hold plots of land under customary arrangements.

Objectives of the Land Policy

  • To promote good allocation of land in order to enhance rational use of land resources according to their capacity.
  • To avoid the splitting up of plots and promote their consolidation in order to bring about economically viable production.
  • To establish mechanisms which facilitate giving land its productive value in order to promote the country’s socio-economic development.
  • To focus land management towards more viable and sustainable production by choosing reliable and time-tested methods of land development.
  • To develop actions that protects land resources from the various effects of land degradation.
  • To establish institutional land administration arrangements that enable land to have value in the market economy.
  • To promote research and continuous education of the public in all aspects of duties and obligations with regard to land tenure, land management and land transactions.
  • To establish order and discipline in the allocation of land and land transactions in order to control and/or curb pressure on land, inappropriate development, land speculation and land trafficking.
  • To promote the involvement and sensitization of the public at all levels in order to infuse land use practices that are favorable to environmental protection and good land management.
  • To promote conservation and sustainable use of wetlands.

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