Infrastructure plays a major role in the movement of goods and services from places of supply to places of demand. The current situation of the infrastructure and transport sector is as follows:
Transport sector system centers primarily on the road network with paved roads between Kigali and other major towns within the country. Rwanda is linked by good roads to all neighboring countries which include Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo. The country’s most important trade route by road to Mombasa is via Kampala and Nairobi.
Kigali International Airport located at Kanombe, a suburb approximately 10 kilometers from Kigali City Centre is the only international airport which handles domestic, regional and international flights. Plans are already underway to build a new international airport at Nyamata in Bugesera District about 40 km from Kigali City.
The country has no operating railways system of transport but there are plans through COMESA to link Kigali to the Tanzanian railway network.
The Communication infrastructure has improved significantly following liberalization of the sector that has attracted substantial private sector investments.
Rwanda energy sector has greatly improved with the aim of creating conducive conditions for the provision of safe, reliable, efficient, cost effective and environmentally appropriate energy services to households and to all economic sectors on a sustainable basis. Rwanda has gas reserves discovered in Lake Kivu that requires infrastructure for commercial exploitation.