Burundi is one of the growing African countries in ICT following civil war disruptions in the country. For Burundi, the expansion of the ICT sector is essential for the promotion and modernization of public and private activities and to better integrate the economy. There are several opportunities for growth for the ICT sector including e-commerce and e-services, mobile technologies, automation and ICT training.
Regulatory Framework in the ICT Sector
Ministry of Information, Communication and Relations
The Ministry is responsible for ICT implementation, ICT/ Telecommunication regulation, freedom of the press, regulation of the press and human rights.
The Ministry also has responsibility for monitoring and implementing Burundi’s ICT strategic plan, as detailed in Vision 2025, and with co-ordinating ICT projects in MDAs
ICT Policy in Burundi
The Government of Burundi is committed to a policy that aims to integrate the use of ICT in all spheres of national life. In 2007 the National Policy ICT Development (PNDTIC) was established, whose goal is to create the ideal conditions for mobilization of human, financial and technological resources to include all men and all women in the information society.
PNDTIC aims to achieve universal access to ICT to accelerate economic growth and become a center of excellence and regional reference in the ICT sector in 2025.
To achieve this vision, the Government has given the mandate to coordinate, through the Ministry in charge of ICT, the implementation of ICT programs to accelerate gradual transformation of the Burundi economy into a Company of the knowledge-based information.
Agency Regulation and Control of Telecommunications (ARCT)
The Agency for Regulation and Control of Telecommunications was created by decree No. 100/182 of 30 September 1997
According to Article 8 of the Organic Law (Decree-Law No. 1/11 of 4 September 1997 with organic provisions telecommunications), ARCT grants operating licenses of connections, independent private networks of value-added service provided by public and private operators.
The ARCT has a general mission to ensure the control and regulation telecommunications and enforcing the regulations are on. The law gives specific missions:
- Provide oversight of the telecommunications industry.
- To participate in treaty negotiations, agreements and international regulations relating to telecommunications and regional and international conferences on telecommunications.
- Enforce the tariff policy.
- To define the rules for the use of leased circuits or networks to private users.
- Allocate and manage the radio frequency spectrum.
- Granting operating permits links, networks independent private value-added services provided by public and private operators.
- Provide technical advice to the government for permission operating commercial services.
- To grant subscribers permission to install, the network construction and equipment to private contractors approved.
- Approve the subscriber terminal equipment and authorize the sales and public network connection.
- To establish the intention of the government, the concession conditions operating and charges for operating licenses, with operators.
- Pay contributions to regional and international organizations Telecommunications.
- To ensure that interconnection agreements to the public network are non-discriminatory, fair and reasonable, and offer more benefit to all users.
- To ensure that interconnection agreements comply with the standards, techniques, quality requirements, the security and confidentiality of conversations and data transmitted.
- Establish procedures for resolving disputes between suppliers and service users, and respond to referral.
The roles and functions of ARCT
- Establish laws and regulations governing the installation and provision of telecommunications services to the public.
- Ensure the preservation of national security interests and sovereignty.
- Ensure that the State of Burundi is well represented in the national and international organizations and conferences in telecommunications.
- Conclude agreements or concessions for the establishment and holdings in telecommunications.
- Conclude treaties, international conventions and regulations field of telecommunications.
ICT & Telecom Sector has been organized to include the following