Rwanda is a landlocked country located in Central/ Eastern Africa bordered by the Democratic Republic of Congo to the west, Uganda to the North, Tanzania to the East, and Burundi to the South.
The country lies 75 miles south of the equator in the Tropic of Capricorn, 880 miles ’as the crow flies’ west of the Indian Ocean and 1,250 miles east of the Atlantic Ocean – literally in the heart of Africa.
Rwanda has 26,338 square kilometers of which 3% is water; Rwanda is the world’s 149th-largest country.
The entire country is at a high altitude: the lowest point is the Rusizi River at 950 meters above sea level.
Rwanda is endowed with mountains, volcanoes, rolling hills of savanna, plains and swamps, forests, lakes and the largest River Nyabarongo.
Although Rwanda is located only two degrees south of the equator, its high elevation makes the climate temperate. The average daily temperature is around 75°F (24°C), easily reaching up the 80s°F (30s°C) and above in the drier months of the year. The minimum night temperature is around 50°F (10°C), the daily temperatures near Lake Kivu, at an altitude of 4,800 feet (1,463 meters) is 73 °F (22.8 °C).
During the two rainy seasons (February–May and September–December), heavy downpours occur almost daily, alternating with sunny weather. Annual rainfall averages 800 millimeters but is generally heavier in the western and northwestern mountains than in the eastern savannas.
The equatorial climate is deeply modified by the relief at a varied altitude (900 millimeters) in the south west, 1500 to 2000 millimeters in the south and the center of the country, 1800 to 3000 millimeters in the highlands of the north and the west and 3000 to 4507m in the regions of Congo Nile Crest and the chain of Volcanoes.