The fishery sub sector has not yet contributed much to Rwanda’s GDP. This is due to inadequate replenishing of fish in the lakes and a resultant low output. Fishing is however, conducted by various cooperatives and associations. The main lakes for fishing are Kivu, Cyohoha and Mugesera and initiatives are being implemented to develop the fishery industry by encouraging and supporting fish farming through rehabilitating the old fish ponds and developing new ones.
Regulatory framework for animal sub sector Rwanda
Ministry of Agriculture and Animal Resources (MINAGRI)
The ministry is responsible for initiating, developing and managing suitable programs of transformation and modernization of agriculture and livestock to ensure food security and to contribute to the national economy .The ministry of agriculture is also in charged with advancing the sustainable development of a modern, efficient and competitive agricultural sector
Ministry of Natural Resources (MINIRENA)
Ministry of Natural Resources is responsible for ensuring protection and conservation of the environment, optimal and rational utilization of natural resources for sustainable national development. It is obliged to do formulation of Water resources management policy, strategic planning, coordination, quality assurance, monitoring, evaluation and capacity building and to put in place legal and regulatory framework
Surface water bodies in Rwanda occupy a total of 135,000 Ha which is 8% of the country’s surface area which includes 101 lakes totaling 1,495 km2, 861 rivers totaling 6,464km.The main lakes for fishing are Kivu, Cyohoha and Mugesera.
There are several minor lakes and many rivers, floodplains and swamps all of which are critical fish breeding and nursery grounds. Fisheries resources are among the most significant natural endowments in Rwanda as they represent a major source of protein in the diet of most Rwandan and revenue.