The fishery sub sector has not yet contributed much to Rwanda’s GDP. This is due to inadequate replenishing of fish in the lakes and a resultant low output. Fishing is however, conducted by various cooperatives and associations. The main lakes for fishing are Kivu, Cyohoha and Mugesera and initiatives are being implemented to develop the fishery industry by encouraging and supporting fish farming through rehabilitating the old fish ponds and developing new ones.
Characteristics of Fishery sub sector
- Rwanda Fishing is mostly practiced in Lake Kivu
- Small lakes that are present in the extreme interior part of the country include Lake Muhazi and Lake Mugesara
- Fishing in most cases is for the purpose of self consumption
- Government introduced the ban on small fishing nets to allow fish to grow and increase national fish production
- Fishery contributes less to the GDP of the country
National fish demand
The level of per capita fish consumption in Rwanda estimated at 1.5 kg is the lowest in East Africa and falls far below the Sub Sahara Africa and global level estimated at 6.7.
Market for fish
Local market for fish products is guaranteed as fish has remained on high demand. Currently one kilogram of fish costs about US $3 while the fish fetched better prices in the export market. The prices of fish in the local have been on the increase for the last twenty years and the trend is likely to continue for some years.
Types of fish reared in Rwanda
The types of fish reared in the ponds include the following;
Investment opportunities in Fishery sub sector Rwanda
- Fish processing
- Fish farming
- Production of fingerlings for restocking
- Local and Regional Cold Distribution Chain
- Identifying buyers and negotiating favourable sales terms
- Invest in drying equipments
- Special spicing and cold smoking of fish