The Government of Rwanda recognizes the role energy plays in boosting the socio-economic development of the country, and as such is undertaking a variety of initiatives to attract direct private investment in the energy sector including reducing tariffs for consumers to promote industry and exports and drafting laws on electricity and gas which have been submitted to Parliament for approval.
These important laws also reinforce the function of the Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Agency, which will provide the regulatory framework for private investors. With new interconnections between Rwanda and the sub-region, there is the potential for the country to share power with its neighboring countries through a common power pool and possible export and import of power. The Energy consumption is by far dominated by biomass (wood fuel, charcoal, vegetal residues) then oil products and the rest electricity.
The government of Rwanda (GOR) has done the following to facilitate the energy sector;
- Government allocated mainly to energy and transport development Frw 361.2 billion or 23% of the entire budget in 2012/2013
- GoR/MININFRA assume leadership in the sector wide approach and therefore set up a Sector Secretariat for Donor Coordination in order to develop the sector
- The Government of Rwanda (GoR) adopted its revised its energy policy in favour of the development of the sector.
- The government is trying to ensure the availability of reliable and affordable energy supplies for all Rwandans
- The government tried increase access to electricity for enterprises and households from 92,000 mw in 2008 to 350,000 mw in 2012.
- The Government of Rwanda initiated a pilot project designed to increase the resilience of Rwanda’s energy sector
- The government has tried to optimise the utilisation of naturally generated Methane for energy through biogas technology