Challenges in the Education Sector

  • Limited implementation and monitoring capacity more especially at institutional level.
  • Rwanda has physical environment that is less conducive to the integration of science and technology in education
  • Inadequate qualification of teachers in STE because there are few trained teachers to teach science and technology.
  • Insufficient recruitment of teachers that is over a thousand is below the target which combined with the increases in enrolment resulted in a slightly worsening qualified teacher to pupil ratio of 68:1.
  • Switch to English as the medium of instruction is still a challenge in the education sector. whilst being responded to admirably by teachers
  • Inadequate resources in spite of efforts made in recent years to increase budget allocations to the sector.
  • Shortage of teachers, both qualitative and quantitative at all levels and insufficiency of qualified personnel at central and provincial administration levels.
  • Low completion rates at the primary level (44.5 percent), owing to the high repeater and dropout rates (21 percent and 15 percent, respectively) resulting in low transition rates to the secondary level.
  • Inadequate quantitative and qualitative infrastructure and teaching materials.
  • Increase in dropout rates are attributable to the poor quality of infrastructure and to parents’ lack of resources to meet costs related to educating their children.
  • Low proportion of girls in science and technology streams.
  • Lack of an orientation policy and weak implementation capacity.

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