The system of education in Burundi has a structure of 6 years of primary education, 7 years of secondary education which is divided into 4 years of lower secondary and 3 years of upper secondary school and 3 to 5 years of post-secondary education.
The education system is in Burundi summarised as below;
Nursery/kindergarten (duration: two years)
This is the pre-school level of education in Burundi being provided by private schools. Children usually start at the age of three and complete nursery school by the age of five.
Primary school (duration: six years)
There are six primary school years from primary one to primary six. With normal annual progression this means primary school should last six years. Children usually start primary from the age of six and complete by age of twelve.
At the end of P.6 students are awarded with primary school leaving certificate
Secondary school (duration: seven years)
Secondary education is divided into lower and upper secondary education. Lower secondary education is available to those who pass the National Entrance Examination and lasts four years. Children usually start lower secondary level from the age of twelve and complete by age of sixteen
A national test is imposed on all those who complete lower secondary education. Their records are submitted to a National Orientation Commission. Schooling at upper secondary level lasts three years after lower education and leads to the Diplôme d’Etat, which gives access to higher education. . Children usually start upper secondary level from the age of sixteen and complete by age of nineteen.
Technical secondary education lasts seven years. A Diplôme A2 sanctions success in technical studies and a Diplôme A3 is conferred after a cycle of studies lasting five years following upon primary education.
Higher education: is mainly provided by the Université du Burundi. It is largely financed by the State and enjoys administrative and management autonomy. It is administered by a Rector appointed by the President of the Republic for four years. Policy-making is the responsibility of a Governing Board appointed by the President of the Republic and representing the major spheres of activity concerning higher education development. Four private universities have been created recently.