Animals and Fisheries Sector

Animal and fisheries sector is one of the Uganda’s important growth sectors contributing about US$ 290 million to the GDP by animals. The animals are characterized into cattle, goats, pigs, sheep and poultry. 71% of Ugandan’s household are engaged in livestock rearing. Fisheries in Uganda are the second exchange earner for the country. The investment in fisheries is estimated at US$ 200 million with employment of over 700,000 people.

Regulatory Framework

Ministry of Agriculture, Animal Husbandry and Fisheries
The ministry is responsible for formulating, reviewing and implementing national policies, plans, strategies, regulations and standards and enforces laws, regulations and standards along the value chain of crops, livestock and fisheries.

National veterinary and drug policy 1995
The policy ensures access to quality veterinary drugs by stakeholders for sustainable animal health and production, promote and ensure the availability and use of quality veterinary drugs in a professional manner

Dairy Development Authority (DDA)
DDA is to provide proper coordination and efficient implementation of all government policies which are designed to achieve and maintain self-sufficiency in the production of milk in Uganda by promoting production and competition in the dairy industry and monitoring the market for milk and dairy products.

Its functions are to:

  • Raise incomes and standards of living of small scale dairy farmers
  • Achieve and maintain self-sufficiency in milk and dairy products
  • Promote increased dairy productivity using cost-effective technology and breeding policy
  • Establish liberal but harmonised dairy markets
  • Regulate and control the market for milk and dairy products

Uganda Fish Processors and Exporters Association (UFPEA)
UFPEA provides business development services to the fisheries and through the association, efforts are made to advocate for policies that favour the fish sub sector.

Fisheries Development and Management Policy
The current development policy of the Government with respect to food production is to ensure the supply of adequate and balanced food through the attainment of self-sufficiency and the reduction of post-harvest losses. In the case of fisheries, this includes;

  • Maximisation of fish production to increase animal protein production and per capita consumption
  • Reduction of post-harvest losses
  • Maximisation of net earnings from fisheries over and above what it costs society to produce

Minimum Size Regulations
The Act as amended by Statutory Instrument No. 15 of 1981 sets out minimum legal size at which fish are to be taken in accordance with Section 35 of the Act. But the current rules refer to Nile Tilapia and Nile Perch.

Regulations on Fish Processing and Fish Trade
Restriction on fish processing and marketing as specified in Section 8 of the Act is being further strengthened to take into account fish product standards which should include legal authority to certify the quality of fish products destined to both local and export consumer markets.

The information on the sector is organised as follows;

Animal and Fisheries Profile Uganda

Animal Sub Sector


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Animals and Fisheries Sector

Animal and fisheries sector is one of the growing sectors contributing 10 % of GDP in Burundi. The animals are characterized into cattle, goats, pigs, sheep and poultry.

Regulatory framework

Ministry Of Agriculture and Livestock
The ministry among others is responsible for the design, planning, coordination, and implementation of national policy on agriculture and livestock, promotion and supervision of the exploitation of water, of fishing and fish farming products, in collaboration with other concerned ministries.

Department of Water, Fisheries, and Aquaculture
Fisheries affairs are vested with the Directorate of Water, Fishery and Fish Farming under the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock

Ministry Of Water, Environment, Land Management and Urban Planning
The Ministry of Water, Environment, Land Management and Urban Planning is empowered for everything that concerns the development and implementation of national policy in the field of water, environment, land management, and the urban sector.

It has the following objectives:

  • Promoting a coordinated management of the environment.
  • Sound management of land, water, forests, and air.
  • Preservation of ecological balance; and conservation of biodiversity.

Animals and Fisheries has been summarized to include the following

Animal and Fisheries Profile Burundi

Animals sub sector

Fisheries sub sector

Investment opportunities in Animals and fisheries sector

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Animals and Fisheries Sector

Animals and fisheries sector is one of the growing sectors of South Sudan with  livestock and fisheries sub-sectors contributing 5% annually to improvements in food security, household income, job creation and the national Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The animals sub-sector include  cattle, goats, pigs, sheep and poultry.

South Sudan is endowed with considerable inland fishery resources centered on River Nile, its tributaries, swamps and other wetlands including the Sudd, which is the largest wetland in Africa averaging over 30,000 km2, all of which support enormous aquatic resources. The current annual fish catch is however estimated at around 30,000 . The country has the potential for fish catch  up to 300,000 tons per year.

South Sudan has the sixth biggest herd in Africa 11.7million cattle, 12.3million sheep, and 12.6million goats, and the national cattle herd structure is 70% female with an estimated asset value of SSP. 7.0 billion.

Livestock and livestock products demand and total consumption stands at 173,000 cattle, 973,000 goats and 633,000 sheep. Over 95% of this demand met through domestic supply

 Regulatory Framework

 Ministry of Animal Resources and Fisheries
The Ministry has a mandate of promotion, regulation and facilitation of livestock and fisheries production, including value-addition and access to credit and regional markets; for food security, poverty alleviation and socio-economic development of South Sudan.


The Ministry of Animal Resources and Fisheries performs the following functions and duties:

  • Formulation of effective policy framework and strategic plans, regulations, laws, rules, standards, quality assurance and control for the development of the animal and fisheries resources.
  • Provision of policy guidance and monitoring/documenting the performance of the livestock and fisheries sectors.
  • Development and coordination of Planning for the development of the livestock and fisheries sectors.
  • Ensuring prevention of environmental degradation through promotion of pasture and soil conservation and the sustainable exploitation of productive natural resources.
  • Identification and promotion of investment opportunities and encouraging private enterprise in the livestock and fisheries sectors.
  • Human resource training in the fields of animal production and fisheries.
  • Provision of technical advice on animal health and disease control policies and the development and implementation of plans to improve livestock health and production.
  • Regulation and quality assurance in the privatized delivery of veterinary services and supplies.
  • Monitoring and investigation of the prevalence, spread and impact of animal diseases.
  • Supporting a meat inspection service at appropriate levels of government and the development of modern abattoirs.
  • Promotion and coordination of partnership between public institutions and private livestock and fisheries enterprises, and provision of technical assistance for the transformation of traditional production practices into modern market-oriented systems.
  • Promotion of improved fishing, fish handling and fish processing technologies to improve the quality and quantity of fish catches in South Sudan.
  • Ensuring the sustainability of the fisheries sector through the development and enforcement of policies and regulations governing the exploitation of fish stocks.
  • Promotion and development of aquaculture fish production.
  • Promotion of effective community-based extension programmes in the livestock and fisheries sectors.
  • Promotion of the development of a bee-keeping industry and productive enterprises based on the sustainable exploitation and management of other emerging livestock resources.
  • Promotion of animal welfare.
  • Provision of technical assistance and training to MARF at the State and local government levels, building capacity in the States for the assumption of responsibilities for animal resources and fisheries matters.
  • Responsibility for the planning, coordination and supervision of surveys/censuses aimed at quantifying the status of natural resources, livestock and fisheries stocks, and
  • Promotion of gender-equitable policy and mainstreaming of gender considerations in livestock and fisheries sectors.

Information about South Sudan has been summarized to include the following.

Animal and Fisheries Profile South Sudan

Animal subsector in South Sudan

Fisheries Subsector of South Sudan

Investment Opportunities in Animals and Fisheries

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