Animal subsector under agriculture contributes over 8.8% to the economic growth of the country. In 2010, animal population consisted of 991,697 cattle, 518,458 sheep, 1.278,227 goats, 332,257 pigs, 449,263 rabbits and 2,904,074 chickens.
Characteristics of animal sub sector
- The sector is characterised by the extensive type of animal husbandry
- There are three provinces having the largest number of cattle are Umutara, Gitarama and Kigali
- Rising of goats is more concentrated inthe provinces of Kigali, Byumba and Kibuye
- Pigs are raised mainly in the provinces of Gitaramaand Butare. Bee-keeping is wide-spread in the provinces of Kibungo, Byumba and Gitarama.
- Production systems are essentially of the traditional
Demand and Supply
In 2010, animal products consumption in Rwanda was 12 litres of milk and 4.8 Kg of meat per person per year and yet the Production was estimated at 403,325 litres of milk, 61,979 tons of meat, 19,531tons of eggs. A lot of investment has been put in the sector to increase production for both local consumption and export.
Strategies for developing animal production sub sector
The following strategies have been identified in Rwanda for developing animal production sub sector;
- Decentralisation of service delivery to Umurenge level with appropriate human capacity and deployment in areas with livestock activities to improve delivery of veterinary services.
- Encouragement of the formation of a national farmers association (union) and promoting multi-species systems that speed the transformation of agriculture.
- Creating an enabling environment for private investment in livestock industry including microfinance that encourages modern farming and processing.
- Improving Animal Health through capacity building for service providers and strengthening the National Veterinary laboratory that boosts animal production.
- Improving the performance of local breeds by strengthening the CNIA and the national hatchery, the feeding base of the animals by improvement of pastures and water provision to increase animal production.
- Increasing the linkage between training, research and extension to farmers in order to equip farmers with improving farming methods. .
Opportunities for animal production
- Invest in cheese processing
- Introduce bulk transporters of livestock
- Building of milk kiosks in the country
- Introduce milk and meat processors
- Opportunities for the private sector investment