Animal and Fisheries Profile Burundi

Animal and fisheries sector is one of the growing sectors contributing 10 % of GDP in Burundi. The animals are characterized into cattle, goats, pigs, sheep and poultry.

Competitive strength of the sector

Characteristics of the sector

  • Favorable climate which favors livestock farming
  • Availability of market for livestock that is in Burundi, EAC, COMESA Region
  • Local breeds have low cholesterol levels which is a good health attribute
  • Good legal framework in the sector
  • Current investment code support private sector investment


  • Several regions are adequate for fish farming
  • Burundi Fishing is mainly practiced on Lake Tanganyika
  • Fishing is in most cases for local consumption.
  • Temperatures offering potential for breeding ponds which are usually located at altitudes between 1,500 m and 1,800 m.
  • The annual fish consumption in the country is about 2 kg per capita.
  • The fisheries sector is privatized in Burundi, but little developed, artisanal and traditional fishing are dominant.
  • Volume of fish catches by water body

Lake Tanganyika contains many sought after fish species. It harbours a particularly rich and diverse fish fauna, with close to 300 species of cichlidae and non–cichlidae, approximately two–thirds of which are endemic.

The fishing sector depends on natural water bodies which accounts for 2,600 sq km of total area of Burundi.

Lake Tanganyika the largest lake and second largest fresh water lake in the world contributes fish catch of 250,000 metric tons with yearly production of 167,000 tons.

Market for livestock
There is an increase in the demand for meat and milk products locally following resettlement of people in their areas after civil war has led to increased demand for livestock and livestock products in the country.


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