Agriculture Sector Profile in Rwanda

Characteristics of the sector

  • Agriculture is the common type of sector in all regions covering  over  7 major crops
  • 80% of the population derives their survival from Agriculture sector.
  • The sector contributes one third of GDP and generates more than 45.0 percent of the country’s export revenues.
  • Agriculture is also important for national food self sufficiency
  • Production of food crops have throughout the period, dominated the agriculture sector  and this is between 44-47%

Current situation in the sector
Agriculture has historically been a mainstay of Rwanda’s economy. This makes it of pivotal importance for the development of the country. The country has seven major crops which include; sweet potatoes, cassava, potatoes, sorghum, coffee, tea and pyrethrum. It is important to note that over 75% of the production of crops is mainly done by small scale farmers. Commercial farming is still in its infancy stage but there is still  plenty of  room for commercial farming across the country.

Crops that are currently under farms in Rwanda

  • Sweet potatoes
  • Cassava
  •  Potatoes
  •  Coffee
  • Tea
  • Pyrethrum
  • Maize
  • Beans
  • Rice
  • Ground nuts

Investment opportunities in Agriculture Sector Rwanda

  • Involvement of private investors in the agricultural sector
  • Production and promotion of farming tools
  • Mangoes farming
  • Commercial farming
  • Agricultural exports such as tea, coffee, fruit and flowers
  • Animal feeds processing
  • Pineapple farming
  • Further opportunities in coffee washing and roasting as the premium harvest grows
  • Distribution markets and cold chain infrastructure for other export products
  • Passion fruit and other exotics fruits  are currently processed for the regional market

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